What is blood pressure? Blood pressure is the force exerted by the blood against the walls of blood vessels, and the magnitude of this force depends on the cardiac output and the resistance of the blood vessels.
What is hypertension or high blood pressure?
Hypertension is defined as having a blood pressure higher than 140 over 90mmHg. This fact is generally agreed upon across medical guidelines. The first number is your systolic reading. The systolic number measures the pressure as the heart pumps blood around the body. The second number is your diastolic reading. The diastolic number measures how quickly your heart relaxes and refills with blood. Stage one hypertension occurs you’re your systolic blood pressure is between 140 and 159 or your diastolic pressure is between 90 and 99. During this stage lifestyle changes may be suggested, such as dieting and exercise, and some medication may be prescribed. Hypertension is a common but dangerous condition. One in every four adults in the United States has hypertension, but many are unaware of their condition. Untreated hypertension increases the risk of heart disease and stroke.
Hypertension can also damage other organs such as the kidneys, increases the risk of blindness, and increases the risk of dementia. Because so many people are unaware of their condition and of the seriousness of having untreated hypertension, it is often referred to as a “silent killer.” Although hypertension is not a cardiovascular disease it does have a great potential to overburden the heart and blood vessels and potentially cause heart disease. Chronic conditions are those that last 3 or more months. Hypertension is typically a lifelong condition and is seen as a chronic condition that is manageable with diet, exercise, and medication.