How do you know you have hypertension? There are few hypertension symptoms most individuals are asymptomatic. Patients don’t typically experience any symptoms specifically related to their condition of hypertension.
Pulmonary hypertension is a type of high blood pressure that affects the arteries in your lungs as well as the right side of your heart. Symptoms of pulmonary hypertension are: irregular heartbeat, racing pulse, dizziness, and difficulty breathing.
Essential or primary hypertension is high blood pressure that has no known secondary cause.
Intracranial hypertension is a condition due to high pressure within the spaces that surround the brain and spinal cord. These spaces are filled with cerebrospinal fluid which cushions the brain from mechanical injury, provides nourishment, and carries away waste. The most common symptoms of intracranial hypertension are headaches and visual loss, including blind spots, poor peripheral vision, and temporary blindness. Some patients experience permanent vision loss. Other symptoms include ringing in the ears, neck pain, and shoulder pain.
When does hypertension become life threatening? First let’s discuss the difference between hypertensive urgency and hypertensive emergency. Hypertensive urgency is when your blood pressure is greater than 180 over 120 mmHg in the absence of progressive target organ dysfunction. Individuals with hypertensive urgency will likely have their medications adjusted. Hypertensive emergency is when your blood pressure is greater than 180 over 120 mmHg in the presence of target organ damage. Hypertensive emergency shows effect on your body’s organs resulting in physical manifestations such as stroke, seizure, acute heart failure, acute renal failure, and many others.