Diabetes

Diabetes Specialist
If you suspect you have diabetes or need help managing the symptoms of diabetes, Dr. Karen Thampoe can help. At West Houston Internal Medicine in Katy, Texas, Dr. Thampoe provides nutritional counseling and other effective treatments to help you live a full life and keep your diabetes under control. Schedule a consultation online or by calling the office to learn more about diabetes treatments.

Diabetes Q & A

West Houston Internal Medicine Associates, LLC

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic condition that causes an increase in your blood sugar levels. There are two main types.

With type 1 diabetes, your body doesn't make enough insulin to lower your blood sugars naturally. Type 1 typically affects children and teenagers, but it can also affect adults.

Type 2 diabetes can affect you at any age and develops when your body either doesn't produce enough insulin or can't utilize the insulin it does make well enough to regulate your blood sugar levels.

Pregnant women are susceptible to a special type of diabetes, known as gestational diabetes, which usually resolves on its own after the baby is born.

Without proper insulin, the sugars stay in your blood and can cause serious complications, including:

  • Kidney damage
  • Eye problems
  • Nerve damage
  • Heart disease
  • Stroke


Untreated diabetes can also result in the loss of a limb by amputation.

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

In the initial stages of diabetes, you may not experience any symptoms. As the disease progresses, you may notice:

  • Extreme hunger or thirst
  • Frequent fatigue
  • Dry skin
  • Blurry vision
  • Frequent need to urinate
  • Unexpected weight loss
  • Numbness in your hands or feet


You may also experience recurrent infections in your gums, skin, bladder, or vagina. If you have type 2 diabetes, you may also experience symptoms of insulin resistance, such as skin darkening in your neck or underarms, high blood pressure, and issues with cholesterol.

What are the risk factors for diabetes?

If you are overweight or obese, your body may become more resistant to insulin, putting you at an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Other factors that influence your risk for diabetes include:

  • Age
  • Family history
  • Poor diet
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
  • Gestational diabetes

What treatments are available for diabetes?

Dr. Thampoe diagnoses diabetes through blood tests. If she determines you have the condition or are at risk for developing diabetes, she works with you to manage your daily nutrition and exercise routines to achieve a healthy weight.

If diet and exercise are not sufficient on their own, Dr. Thampoe may also recommend oral medications or insulin therapy. She provides ongoing guidance to ensure that you’re testing your blood sugar regularly and incorporating healthy foods into your diet.

To learn more about managing your diabetes, schedule a consultation online or call West Houston Internal Medicine today.

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