Diabetes is a chronic condition that causes an increase in your blood sugar levels. There are two main types.
With type 1 diabetes, your body doesn't make enough insulin to lower your blood sugars naturally. Type 1 typically affects children and teenagers, but it can also affect adults.
Type 2 diabetes can affect you at any age and develops when your body either doesn't produce enough insulin or can't utilize the insulin it does make well enough to regulate your blood sugar levels.
Pregnant women are susceptible to a special type of diabetes, known as gestational diabetes, which usually resolves on its own after the baby is born.
Without proper insulin, the sugars stay in your blood and can cause serious complications, including:
Untreated diabetes can also result in the loss of a limb by amputation.
In the initial stages of diabetes, you may not experience any symptoms. As the disease progresses, you may notice:
You may also experience recurrent infections in your gums, skin, bladder, or vagina. If you have type 2 diabetes, you may also experience symptoms of insulin resistance, such as skin darkening in your neck or underarms, high blood pressure, and issues with cholesterol.
If you are overweight or obese, your body may become more resistant to insulin, putting you at an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Other factors that influence your risk for diabetes include:
Dr. Thampoe diagnoses diabetes through blood tests. If she determines you have the condition or are at risk for developing diabetes, she works with you to manage your daily nutrition and exercise routines to achieve a healthy weight.
If diet and exercise are not sufficient on their own, Dr. Thampoe may also recommend oral medications or insulin therapy. She provides ongoing guidance to ensure that you’re testing your blood sugar regularly and incorporating healthy foods into your diet.
To learn more about managing your diabetes, schedule a consultation online or call West Houston Internal Medicine today.
Feel free to email us regarding any scheduling or general questions!